All men are prone to suffer from an aesthetic problem as they age: baldness. In more dramatic cases, hair loss begins in late adolescence, which can become a major nuisance for some. On the other hand, there are cases of men going through this life without any noticeable loss of hair. So, in what ways and why do men and some women lose hair? An article published on The Independent website has revealed a review and some recent findings that may help to understand this situation.

Much is studied and debated on this subject, including we have already shown here in Mega Curios how testosterone can influence this condition. But in the article written by the director of Dermatology Epworth Hospital, Rodney Sinclair, the process is approached from the genetics that characterize the condition of baldness and shows that balding can no longer be a great risk if there is minimal care. To understand how baldness happens, Sinclair explains that there are three different patterns of hair loss.

Patterns of baldness

The first of these is baldness that occurs from the anterior line of the scalp and that strikes most men. In this picture, the famous entries appear above the forehead, which increase towards the back of the head. In these cases, hair loss can be mild and will only cause greater problems if people have the so-called temporal recession, which aligns that to the second pattern of baldness (discussed below). In cases of temporal recession, hair loss can be total with advancing age.

In the second pattern of hair loss, baldness begins at the crown, the back of the head, swirling. Gradually a circular flaw is growing and the scalp is showing.

The third situation involving hair loss is generally diffuse, in which the loss is usually noticed in the upper part of the head and spreads from the central region. This condition affects most Asians and is also what marks the pattern of hair loss among women. According with the doctor. Sinclair, at least 75% of women is affected by this condition as they get older.

What has been discovered about hair loss?

As the loss occurs gradually from one point and in some parts of the head it does not occur, it has been found that there is an affected area that will spread from follicle to follicle without skipping other areas. There are no individual hair strands lost on the bald.

Given this situation, Sinclair explains that it was speculated the possibility of a chemical process that would gradually affect each follicle, spreading throughout the scalp. However, no chemical evidence was found in the affected regions.

An interesting conclusion was that by transplanting hair strands located around the affected regions to other parts of the body, the process continued. The implanted wires diminished as if they continued to grow on the scalp. This analysis leads researchers to believe that the process of miniaturization and follicle reduction is a genetic issue and is already programmed into the DNA of the hair follicles.

In addition, there is a hair loss that precedes the main one, which culminates in the onset of baldness, but which may end up being invisible. In this pattern, hair will grow thinner before the person becomes bald. And this is because on the scalp, the hairs are different from the rest of the body, since a single follicle holds two to five strands of hair that grow as layers. Thus, in the initial process, the loss first occurs with the secondary layers of yarns of the same pore, leaving the hair apparently thinner. Soon, baldness will only really appear when the main layers of hair begin to fall.

Women tend to be more observant with this question, since they care more than men and have longer wires than theirs. However, because they generally have shorter hair, they do not notice the loss easily. This way, thinner hair is often only perceived with strong and painful sunburn. In some cases, the volume of the strands can be reduced by up to 50% before any noticeable baldness appears.

Conclusions and alternatives for baldness

The analysis indicated that genetics is the main factor that influences hair loss in the presented patterns. What indicates this fact is that identical twins generally initiate hair loss in the same way, in the same pattern and at the same age. This finding does not make clear what actually influences this process, but strongly indicates the genetic influence. Anyway, the research continues to seek understanding of the real mechanism that determines baldness.

An interesting point of hair loss pictures is that in most cases there is a region of the head that does not go bald, the back, also called the occipital scalp. Because these regions do not appear to be programmed to lose hair, if the wires are transplanted into the bald areas, they will be able to reverse this process, causing the scalp to hold the wires implanted. This process, currently, forms the basis of hair surgery and is used against baldness worldwide.

According research of points out that this procedure, coupled with the new medical therapies for hair loss, causes baldness to be totally treatable or preventable today, so that only baldness is what they really want.

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