Some health issues are common and different in women and men both. For example, almost 12% of women in the United States are at risk of developing breast cancer during their lifetime.
Below are certain health problems and their effects on women.
Up to 5.3 million women in the United States abuse alcohol, which puts their health, safety and general well-being at risk. While men are more likely to have dependence or addiction to alcohol than women during their lives, the effects of alcohol abuse and alcoholism (when a person shows signs of alcohol addiction) are more severe in women.
Depression is the most common mental health problem in women, 5 and more women are diagnosed than men every year.
Sexually transmitted diseases / sexually transmitted infections (STD / STI)
The effects of STD / STI in women may be more severe than in men. In the United States, untreated STDs / STIs cause infertility in at least 24,000 women each year. Women’s STDs / STIs are often not treated because the symptoms are less evident than in men and are more likely to be confused with another less serious disease, such as a fungal infection.
According to a recent survey conducted by the American Psychological Association, stress in women is increasing. Women are more likely to report having stress, and almost 50% of women who participated in the survey, compared to 39% of men, reported that their stress level had increased over the past 5 years.9 Stress also has exclusive effects on women. A recent study by the NICHD found that stress could reduce a woman’s chance of getting pregnant.
Each year, more women than men suffer a stroke. While many of the risk factors for stroke are the same in men and women, such as family history of stroke, high blood pressure and high cholesterol, some risk factors are unique to women. These include:
Take birth control pills
Use a hormone replacement therapy-a combination hormone progestin-estrogen therapy designed to relieve the symptoms of menopause
Have frequent migraines
Having a wide waist (over 35.2 inches), especially if the woman is in the post-menopausal stage and has high levels of triglycerides (blood fat)
Urinary tract health
Women are more likely than men to have urinary tract problems. For example, urinary incontinence affects twice as many women as men12 due to the structure of the female urinary tract.